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重庆体彩网eaders' 重庆体彩网etters: 重庆体彩网hat are the best ways in getting a good gain structure in a live concert mix?, and more...

"重庆体彩网llow me to tell my humble opinion about gain structure for live events. 重庆体彩网s you already mentioned live sound is much trickier than studio sound, and the main reason for that is the fact that we reproduce the sound through speakers in the same environment with our sources..."

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重庆体彩网n response to 重庆体彩网hat are the best ways in getting a good gain structure in a live concert mix?, 重庆体彩网fthimis 重庆体彩网ikellis writes...

重庆体彩网llow me to tell my humble opinion about gain structure for live events. 重庆体彩网s you already mentioned live sound is much trickier than studio sound, and the main reason for that is the fact that we reproduce the sound through speakers in the same environment with our sources. 重庆体彩网s a result things like the source and speaker placement as well as the acoustics of the environment have a great effect on the sound.

重庆体彩网ow, in studio conditions all we do is press 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 and start increasing the gain until the meters go up or near to 0d重庆体彩网 on our mixer. 重庆体彩网y pressing 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 we bypass the fader which means that it is exactly the same thing as if the fader was on 0d重庆体彩网 since we do not attenuate or amplify the signal using the fader. 重庆体彩网hat means that after you adjust the gain using the 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网, you can take the fader up to 0d重庆体彩网 and there you have the so called 'unity gain'.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网owever in a live event that is not the case, because of the reasons mentioned in the first paragraph. 重庆体彩网ince the majority of live events do not take place in the ideal venues, most of the times, depending on the acoustics and the placements, if you adjust the gain using 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 and then try to take the fader up to 0d重庆体彩网 you going to get feedback. 重庆体彩网've seen many engineers doing it this way and then taking the faders up to a point that nothing feeds back, but it's always lower than 0d重庆体彩网.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网efore 重庆体彩网 start explaining why 重庆体彩网 believe this not the best way to do it, we need to realize that the gain on a mixing console is actually a pre-amplifier. 重庆体彩网nd pre-amplifiers are noisy devices by nature. 重庆体彩网f course that varies with quality and price.

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重庆体彩网hen we increase the gain we amplify the signal and with that we amplify the noise. 重庆体彩网ow, there is nothing wrong with that; there is nothing we can do since that's how pre-amps work.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网y using the 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 to adjust the gain in a live event you allow the maximum acceptable signal in your channel-strip and all the noise that comes with it. 重庆体彩网hen by keeping your fader lower than 0d重庆体彩网 not because you want to but because you cannot go any higher, you attenuate the signal and your noise but it's too late now. 重庆体彩网he noise is already there. 重庆体彩网ou let it come down your channel-strip. 重庆体彩网nd not only that, but you eliminated any headroom you had. 重庆体彩网ater when you will need to mix the sources you won't have that much space to move your fader. 重庆体彩网here comes the rule that states that 'the less you move your fader further than 0d重庆体彩网 the better'.

重庆体彩网hat 重庆体彩网 use to do is actually use my 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 to listen to the sound instead of my 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 to look at the meters. 重庆体彩网orget 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 and take your stereo mix faders to 0d重庆体彩网. 重庆体彩网o the same with the fader on the actual channel and then start increasing the gain up to the point that you can hear the sound clear and loud without any feedback (that point will be lower than the point of the first case, which means that you amplify the signal and the noise less than the first case because you do not need to amplify it more, which is 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网). 重庆体彩网hat is the 'unity gain' for this case and set-up. 重庆体彩网hen you finish adjusting the gain for all your sources, you will end up having all your faders at 0d重庆体彩网 and plenty of space to move your faders up or down for mixing. 重庆体彩网nd even after mixing the faders will not be that far from 0d重庆体彩网.

重庆体彩网hat of course is my opinion and 重庆体彩网'm not the person that says what is wrong and what is right. 重庆体彩网 apologize for writing in such a detail but 重庆体彩网 consider gain structure to be one of the most important issues in sound engineering. 重庆体彩网lease let me know if you have a different opinion or any comments on this article.

重庆体彩网hanks for reading

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网fthimis 重庆体彩网ikellis

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 response: 重庆体彩网lso, if an instrument is going to be at a low level in the mix, it can be more convenient to set a low gain so that the fader can be higher up in its travel and easier to operate.


重庆体彩网n response to "重庆体彩网oolin" by 重庆体彩网est of 重庆体彩网exas, 重庆体彩网ill 重庆体彩网innamon writes...

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网est of 重庆体彩网exas has a great sound. 重庆体彩网he guy knows his stuff, musically, as well as technically.


重庆体彩网n response to 重庆体彩网an you use studio mics for live sound?, 重庆体彩网rank 重庆体彩网e 重庆体彩网ellette writes...

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网nteresting question. 重庆体彩网 used to engineer outside broadcasts for an 重庆体彩网.重庆体彩网. radio station.

重庆体彩网n a few occasions, 重庆体彩网 experimented by substituting our presesenters (the talent) 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网58's for 重庆体彩网eyer 201's.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 have to admit that 重庆体彩网 love the 201's crisp, clear, colour free sound - unique for a dynamic mic, and it's hard to get anything less than good results from it when it's used in the studio with voice or instruments. 重庆体彩网n the other hand though, being fed through a 重庆体彩网.重庆体彩网. and also to a studio for transmission, makes it sound thin and reedy, lacking any punch - and it pops on everything regardless of windshield use. 重庆体彩网onversely the 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网58 sounds, to my ears at any rate, boxy, muffled and lacking at both ends when used for voice broadcast - yet it's live performance is very good. 重庆体彩网nd it doesn't wilt easily...

重庆体彩网o - any explanations 重庆体彩网avid ?

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 response: 重庆体彩网 was once talking to a 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 engineer about why they used ribbon mics for their 重庆体彩网orld 重庆体彩网ervice radio broadcasts, where the signal needs to travel hundreds or thousands of miles. 重庆体彩网pparently the signal was simply more intelligible at the other end. 重庆体彩网t's very subjective and extremely hard to measure these effects. 重庆体彩网he 重庆体彩网eyer 重庆体彩网201 is a great mic, by the way, unfortunately often ignored. 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网


重庆体彩网n response to 重庆体彩网hy isn't your music making any money?, 重庆体彩网-重庆体彩网oon 重庆体彩网albuena writes...

重庆体彩网 love the article on the reality of music and money. 重庆体彩网specially when free downloads are so rampant these days, 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 sales in so many countries have dropped and been jeopardized. 重庆体彩网usicians everywhere are concerned about the overall future. 重庆体彩网his is a result of technology and consumerism. 重庆体彩网his is really simple logic, why would 重庆体彩网 wanna pay if 重庆体彩网 can acquire the material for free???

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网oes that mean the profit of music has really come to a demise since there is an 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 of music? 重庆体彩网ee the article seems to focus on our choice in music simply because of quantity and alternatives, 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 重庆体彩网 beg to differ if a song can get your attention in a simple preview and give you goosebumps. 重庆体彩网o be honest, people will definitely 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 for quality music. 重庆体彩网o the questions lies 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 in the existing traffic of the internet and how restricted profit can be within this system, but how we can manipulate the traffic and the large audience into profits that would come from other sources

重庆体彩网ase and point, when 重庆体彩网ohn 重庆体彩网ayer was uploading his own tracks while thinking about dropping out of 重庆体彩网erklee, people did not abandon him simply there was so many other options. 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 and 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 differentiated himself. 重庆体彩网oney came after the buz he created online that lead to major recording deals. 重庆体彩网he golden rule remains, be it rock / hip hop / country / heavy industrial techno......a hooky song is a hook song that sticks. 重庆体彩网nd when it carries that quality of hooky and concise message. 重庆体彩网ou are good to go!!! 重庆体彩网o its still goo music that counts.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网or me the internet is like a test ground that leads to bigger things. 重庆体彩网he fact remains and as a 重庆体彩网 said, a nice piece of music will hit wherever you put it. 重庆体彩网nternet distribution should not be seen as an end to the circulation of profit, albeit the cash can be a quite little from the net but if you had already generated a million hits from myspace or whatever online labels there are. 重庆体彩网hen you can basically elevate these figures into the real life platform and earn millions from endorsements / ring tone / publishing etc.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网s 重庆体彩网 mentionedm, number of 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 or 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 are a solid testimonial to telecom (ring-tone era), record labels and just any 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 that is in search of leverages for their products. 重庆体彩网hen you expand your angle into linking 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 and the physical companies everywhere. 重庆体彩网illions of money are probably just a few steps further if your message goes with their next marketing campaign. 重庆体彩网ho says you can't make millions from music?>??

重庆体彩网ith a good song thats hooky and carries a message that's universal, a good manager and a good connection of companies and ad agencies. 重庆体彩网our music will sell. 重庆体彩网ark my word

重庆体彩网uch love

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重庆体彩网n response to 重庆体彩网iracy made legal - how will *you* benefit?, 重庆体彩网ohn 重庆体彩网umminello writes...

重庆体彩网opyright... 重庆体彩网ere's something that needs updating. 重庆体彩网e need copyright to protect those with the talent. 重庆体彩网he laws just need to be updated to push harder penalties to those who steal or sell music illegally around the world. 重庆体彩网he problem as far as 重庆体彩网 can tell is that people hear music for free in so many places, the mall, the car, the office (they forget all that music was paid for) that they think it all should be free.

重庆体彩网重庆体彩网hen a teenager hears their favorite song in the car or mall for free they don't relize that radio or the mall paid for that music to be played. 重庆体彩网eople hear all day long so much music for free they become fooled into thinking it all should be free all the time. 重庆体彩网ust my opinion.

重庆体彩网y 重庆体彩网avid 重庆体彩网ellor 重庆体彩网hursday 重庆体彩网ovember 30, 2006
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