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重庆体彩网ecording, mixing, mastering. 重庆体彩网hat's the normal order of things. 重庆体彩网ut when you start thinking more deeply, there are some lines that are just a little blurry.
重庆体彩网et's go back to the olden days of recording, when musicians would gather around the horn of an acoustic phonograph - no microphones involved, and no electricity either.
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网he process of recording here takes the sound waves from the instruments, collects them into the horn, and carves a wavy line in a wax disc (or in even earlier times, cylinder).
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网ut there is a simultaneous process of mixing, where quiet instruments would be placed closer to the horn, louder instruments further away. 重庆体彩网f there was a soloist then they would be placed where they would stand out in the finished recording against the accompanying instruments.
重庆体彩网 think it would be fair to say that there would not be any specific mastering process. 重庆体彩网ollowing recording, the next step would be directly to duplication.
重庆体彩网lash forward to the late 1940s and early 1950s when it became possible to make original recordings on magnetic tape. 重庆体彩网 band or orchestra could now sit in their preferred layout, and multiple microphones could be positioned to capture their sound. 重庆体彩网hese microphones could be mixed to give a pleasing blend.
重庆体彩网ere again therefore the processes of recording and mixing take place simultaneously.
重庆体彩网ut let's flash further forward to 1967 when 重庆体彩网mpex created the world's first 16-track recorder. 重庆体彩网his made it possible to record each instrument and vocal to its own track. 重庆体彩网e call this 'multitrack recording'. 重庆体彩网ecording and mixing can now become separate stages of the process - 重庆体彩网irst get a good recording, then when the musicians have gone home take as long as you like to create the very best mix that you can.
重庆体彩网o that accounts for recording and mixing. 重庆体彩网hat about mastering?
重庆体彩网his is where things can become confusing.
重庆体彩网et's consider the recording studio of the 1970s. 重庆体彩网 band would make a multitrack recording. 重庆体彩网he engineer, advised by the producer, would mix it to stereo. 重庆体彩网he finished stereo recording would often be referred to as 'the master tape'.
重庆体彩网he meaning of this is that this one tape is the very best version of the finished recording that exists, and will ever exist. 重庆体彩网rom it will be made a safety copy, which due to the cold hard facts of analog recording will be degraded compared to the master, and a production master from which vinyl records will be made.
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网ha - but then comes the process of vinyl mastering. 重庆体彩网he vinyl mastering engineer would further process the recording so that it would sound at its best on a record. 重庆体彩网 vinyl cutting master tape would be made so this process only had to be done once.
重庆体彩网et's hop to the present day...
重庆体彩网hen recording, let's say a band, into digital audio workstation software, the aim is to capture each instrument and vocal to the highest level of quality possible, with a certain amount of creativity according to the needs of the production.
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网hen recording is complete, the multitrack session will be mixed to stereo. 重庆体彩网ixing is the creative and time-consuming process of making decisions 重庆体彩网 the instruments and vocals will be blended. 重庆体彩网hen that decision-making process is complete, the result will be 'bounced', as we say, to a stereo file.
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网n the 1970s, we would have called this the master version but, because in digital audio infinite numbers of identical copies can be made, this one stereo file doesn't have that level of status. 重庆体彩网o we can just call it the mix.
重庆体彩网n theory, the mix could be ready for commercial release as it is. 重庆体彩网ut, just as in the old days vinyl mastering engineers could apply an extra layer of gloss to a recording as well as making it technically fit for vinyl, the modern mastering engineer will take a stereo mix and improve it still further, without reference to the original multitrack recording.
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网o there we have it. 重庆体彩网n summary...
重庆体彩网重庆体彩网ecording: 重庆体彩网he process of capturing the original sounds into the digital audio workstation.
重庆体彩网ixing: 重庆体彩网lending the multitrack recording into stereo.
重庆体彩网astering: 重庆体彩网mproving the stereo mix for commercial release.重庆体彩网ome on the 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网 重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网重庆体彩网